ACNE


WHAT, WHY,+
HOW to fix it

What causes ACNE?


What causes ACNE?


  • Your pores start to become clogged with excess sebum and dead skin cells. Your skin begins to look "congested" because comedones form, giving you a visibly bumpy texture, whiteheads, and/or blackheads.

  • Your congested pores don't successfully clear the sebum out, leaving the "gunk" inside of the pores to become food for the acne-causing bacteria, p. acnes. A sebum-filled pore provides the perfect, low-oxygen environment for the bacteria to multiply and cause inflammation. 

  • An inflammatory response sets in, leading to inflammatory acne.  A papule forms, which is when your clogged pore becomes red, swollen, and possibly painful to the touch. As your immune system sends white blood cells to fight the infection, pus may form, leading to a pustule. Popping a pustule can lead to scarring.

  • More severe forms of acne, nodular acne and cystic acne, could form. You should visit a dermatologist if you have nodular or cystic acne.



What causes ACNE?

What causes ACNE?


  • Your pores start to become clogged with excess sebum and dead skin cells. Your skin begins to look "congested" because comedones form, giving you a visibly bumpy texture, whiteheads, and/or blackheads.

  • Your congested pores don't successfully clear the sebum out, leaving the "gunk" inside of the pores to become food for the acne-causing bacteria, p. acnes. A sebum-filled pore provides the perfect, low-oxygen environment for the bacteria to multiply and cause inflammation. 

  • An inflammatory response sets in, leading to inflammatory acne.  A papule forms, which is when your clogged pore becomes red, swollen, and possibly painful to the touch. As your immune system sends white blood cells to fight the infection, pus may form, leading to a pustule. Popping a pustule can lead to scarring.

  • More severe forms of acne, nodular acne and cystic acne, could form. You should visit a dermatologist if you have nodular or cystic acne.


FAQ on ACNE

Why does my skin break out when I'm hormonal?

Hormones called andogens cause an increase in sebum production. An increase in sebum production clogs the pores and drives the p.acnes bacteria into the sebum-rich, low-oxygen environment where an inflammatory response kicks off, leading to red, painful breakouts.

Do we all have p. acnes bacteria on our skin?

Yes, we do. However, there are different strains of the bacteria and some are more aggressive.

Why do I break out and my friend/sister/neighbor doesn't?

This is a difficult one to answer and science is always discovering more. However, we do know a few things:


  • You may be more prone to acne if you have more aggressive forms of the p. acnes bacteria than your friend with clearer skin.

  • You may produce more sebum or your sebum may be thicker and stickier, providing a better environment for the p. acnes bacteria to grow.

  • You may have certain genes that make you more susceptible to acne.

  • You may not be treating your skin properly.

I don't have oily skin.  Why do I still breakout?

Sebum plays a critical role in acne, and people with excess oil may be more prone to larger pores and breakouts. However, everyone can get a clogged pore. We are always shedding dead skin cells and if these are not properly washed and cleared away, pores will get clogged.  On top of that, you may have more aggressive strains of p.acnes bacteria, meaning that you are prone to inflammatory acne under the right conditions.

What is purging?

In simple terms, purging happens when the gunk clogging your pores (microcomedones) comes to the surface and "purges" out of your skin, usually due to using a retinoid or BHA. Essentially purging is speeding up the exit (and possible severity) of your future breakouts, making you one step closer to clearer skin.

Am I purging or is this product breaking me out?

It can be hard to tell if you are purging or if a new product is breaking you out, but there are a few telltale signs: purging may look like a regular breakout cycle, but it usually clears up faster. If you are using a new retinoid, AHA, or BHA, it is likely to be purging. If it is a new product like a sunscreen or shampoo, it is likely to be a reactive breakout.

How can I slow down purging?

If you are using a retinoid, AHA, or BHA (salicylic acid) product like U.F.O. Acne Treatment Face Oil, you could experience some light purging.   If you don't like how fast your skin is removing the congested waste in your pores, the quickest and easiest answer is to slow down your use of the purging product. Apply U.F.O. 3 nights a week and work your way up to slow down any purging until your congested pores are cleared out.

Can I just scrub away the p. acnes bacteria?

Not likely. P. Acnes bacteria forms biofilms, meaning that they are pretty good at clustering together and sticking to your skin. Plus, the p.acnes bacteria that are already inside of your closed comedones won't get scrubbed away by a physical exfoliant. It's best to exfoliate with an AHA to remove the dead skin cells, and use a BHA to gently dissolve the sebum buildup.

What can I do to fix it?

Why does my skin break out when I'm hormonal?

Hormones called androgens cause an increase in sebum production. An increase in sebum production clogs the pores and drives the p.acnes bacteria into the sebum-rich, low-oxygen environment where an inflammatory response kicks off, leading to red, painful breakouts.

Do we all have p.acnes bacteria on our skin?

Yes, we do. However, there are different strains of the bacteria and some are more aggressive.

Why do I break out and my friend/sister/neighbor doesn't?

This is a difficult one to answer and science is always discovering more. However, we do know a few things:


  • You may be more prone to acne if you have more aggressive forms of the p. acnes bacteria than your friend with clearer skin.

  • You may produce more sebum or your sebum may be thicker and stickier, providing a better environment for the p. acnes bacteria to grow.

  • You may have certain genes that make you more susceptible to acne.

  • You may not be treating your skin properly.

I don't have oily skin.  Why do I still breakout?

Sebum plays a critical role in acne, and people with excess oil may be more prone to larger pores and breakouts. However, everyone can get a clogged pore. We are always shedding dead skin cells and if these are not properly washed and cleared away, pores will get clogged.  On top of that, you may have more aggressive strains of p.acnes bacteria, meaning that you are prone to inflammatory acne under the right conditions.

What is purging?

In simple terms, purging happens when the gunk clogging your pores (microcomedones) comes to the surface and "purges" out of your skin, usually due to using a retinoid or BHA. Essentially purging is speeding up the exit (and possible severity) of your future breakouts, making you one step closer to clearer skin.

Am I purging or is this product breaking me out?

It can be hard to tell if you are purging or if a new product is breaking you out, but there are a few telltale signs: purging may look like a regular breakout cycle, but it usually clears up faster. If you are using a new retinoid, AHA, or BHA, it is likely to be purging. If it is a new product like a sunscreen or shampoo, it is likely to be a reactive breakout.

How can I slow down purging?

If you are using a retinoid, AHA, or BHA (salicylic acid) product like U.F.O. Acne Treatment Face Oil, you could experience some light purging.   If you don't like how fast your skin is removing the congested waste in your pores, the quickest and easiest answer is to slow down your use of the purging product. Apply U.F.O. 3 nights a week and work your way up to slow down any purging until your congested pores are cleared out.

Can I just scrub away the p. acnes bacteria?

Not likely. P. Acnes bacteria forms biofilms, meaning that they are pretty good at clustering together and sticking to your skin. Plus, the p.acnes bacteria that are already inside of your closed comedones won't get scrubbed away by a physical exfoliant. It's best to exfoliate with an AHA to remove the dead skin cells, and use a BHA to gently dissolve the sebum buildup.

What can I do to fix it?

  • Regularly wash your face with a deep-cleaning, non-stripping cleanser, like Ceramic Slip Cleanser.

  • Wash your pillowcases frequently and try to sleep on your back. Clean your cellphones with a disinfectant if you regularly put them to your face. Don't touch your face too often.
  • Clear away dead skin cells using a regular AHA exfoliating treatment, like Good Genes.

  • Clear out the trapped sebum in your pores using a BHA, like U.F.O. Acne Treatment Face OilAs a pro-tip, you can combine a few drops of U.F.O. oil to Ceramic Slip Cleanser and mix them in the palm of your hand.  Apply to your skin as a mask and let it sit for at least 15 minutes. Rinse off and apply Good Genes.

  • Humidity can cause your sebum to thicken, which can help p. acnes to multiply. If you are in a more humid environment, make sure to keep your skin clean.

  • The sun can help temporarily dry out your acne, but long term it can cause it to get worse.  A better way to dry out your acne? A sulfur treatment like Saturn Sulfur Acne Treatment Mask. Spot treat your acne with Saturn so the breakouts can dry out.

  • Dermatologists frequently prescribe retinoids to help clear up acne. If you want to skip a prescription retinoid, try a higher-dose cosmetic retinoid product like A+ Retinoid Serum (launching soon!) or Luna Sleeping Night Oil.

  • Regularly wash your face with a deep-cleaning, non-stripping cleanser, like Ceramic Slip Cleanser.

  • Wash your pillowcases frequently and try to sleep on your back. Clean your cellphones with a disinfectant if you regularly put them to your face. Don't touch your face too often.
  • Clear away dead skin cells using a regular AHA exfoliating treatment, like Good Genes.

  • Clear out the trapped sebum in your pores using a BHA, like U.F.O. Acne Treatment Face OilAs a pro-tip, you can combine a few drops of U.F.O. oil to Ceramic Slip Cleanser and mix them in the palm of your hand.  Apply to your skin as a mask and let it sit for at least 15 minutes. Rinse off and apply Good Genes.

  • Humidity can cause your sebum to thicken, which can help p. acnes to multiply. If you are in a more humid environment, make sure to keep your skin clean.

  • The sun can help temporarily dry out your acne, but long term it can cause it to get worse.  A better way to dry out your acne? A sulfur treatment like Saturn Sulfur Acne Treatment Mask. Spot treat your acne with Saturn so the breakouts can dry out.

  • Dermatologists frequently prescribe retinoids to help clear up acne. If you want to skip a prescription retinoid, try a higher-dose cosmetic retinoid product like A+ Retinoid Serum (launching soon!) or Luna Sleeping Night Oil.


What can I do

to fix it?


  • Regularly wash your face with a deep-cleaning, non-stripping cleanser, like Ceramic Slip Cleanser. Slow down excess oil buildup using a bentonite clay toner, like Martian Mattifying Gel Toner.

  • Humidity can cause your sebum to thicken, which can help p. acnes to multiply. If you are in a more humid environment, make sure to keep your skin clean.

  • Wash your pillowcases frequently and try to sleep on your back. Clean your cellphones with a disinfectant if you regularly put them to your face.
  • Clear away dead skin cells (so that they don't clog up your pores) using a regular AHA exfoliating treatment, like Good Genes.

  • Clear out the trapped sebum in your pores using a BHA, like U.F.O. Acne Treatment Face OilAs a pro-tip, you can combine a few drops of U.F.O. oil to Ceramic Slip Cleanser and mix them in the palm of your hand.  Apply to your skin as a mask and let it sit for at least 15 minutes. Rinse off and apply Good Genes.

  • The sun can help temporarily dry out your acne, but long term it can cause it to get worse.  A better way to dry out your acne? A sulfur treatment like Saturn Sulfur Acne Treatment Mask. Spot treat your acne with Saturn so the breakouts can dry out.

  • Dermatologists frequently prescribe retinoids to help clear up acne. If you want to skip a prescription retinoid, try a higher-dose cosmetic retinoid product to clarify your skin, like A+ Retinoid Serum (available in the Early Access Kit) or Luna Sleeping Night Oil.

<b>Ceramic Slip</b><br />Cleanser<br />
$35.00

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